Haripur

Haripur District:

Haripur (Urdu: ہری پور) is both a city and a district in the Hazara region of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan. Haripur District has the highest Human Development Index of all districts in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Haripur District is situated at latitude 33° 44' to 34° 22' and longitude 72° 35' to 73° 15' and about 610 meters above the sea level.

History
Haripur district is situated in the heart of ancient Gandhara civilization. In 1399, central Asian conqueror Amir Timur, on his way back from his Indian campaign, left a legion of Karlugh Turks in the current Hazara region of Pakistan as the rulers. In 1472 Prince Shahabuddin, a descendant of Amir Timur came to Hazara to lead these Karlugh Turks and formed a state known as Pakhli Sarkar in the area between Hasan Abdal-Attock to Kashmir. Karlugh Turks continued to rule most of Hazara until 1703 but gradually lost their control initially from Hassan Abdal/Attock and then from Haripur, which came the control of the powerful Gakhars. The Turks however kept their grasp over the area that came to be known as Abbottabad (in the mid-nineteenth century) to Kashmir until the collapse of their rule in the 18th century. Now the descendants of these Turk rulers live in several villages of districts Haripur, Abbottabad and Mansehra. Prominent villages where they live are Bihali Mansehra and Manakrai Haripur. One of the descendant of these Turks was Raja Amanuullah Khan who became Speaker of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa assembly in the 1980s.
The Sikhs annexed Hazara in two stages. Lower Hazara became tributary to the Sikhs as soon as they wrested the Fort of Attock from the Durranis. Upper Hazara suffered a similar fate when the Sikhs took Kashmir from the Barakzais in 1819. The town of Haripur (meaning Hari's town) was founded in 1822 by Hari Singh Nalwa, the Commander-in-Chief of Ranjit Singh's army along its north-west frontier. On the successful completion of his tenure as the Governor of Kashmir in 1821, Pakhli and Damtaur were bestowed upon Nalwa as a jagir in 1822. As soon as Hari Singh Nalwa received this grant, he built the walled town of Haripur in the heart of the plains of Hazara-i-Karlugh. To the north of Karlugh flowed the river Dor and to its south lay the country of the Gakhars. To its east ran a mountainous range; and to its west stood the Gandhgarh Hills. The selection of this site by Hari Singh was interesting because some of the most fierce encounters with the tribes inhabiting this region had been fought by the Sikhs in this vicinity.
Hari Singh's name and the presence of his fort of Harkishangarh eventually brought such a feeling of security to the region, that by 1835 a German traveller found mere remnants of the four-yard thick and 16 yards high wall built to initially protect the town.
Haripur was the sole example of a planned town in this region till the British built Abbottabad many years later. Haripur continued to grow and flourish and eventually became a city and then a District. The first British Deputy Commissioner, James Abbott, painted an exquisite picture of the town of Haripur and its commanding fort of Harkishangarh.

Administration
The District of Haripur was a Tehsil of Abbottabad District until 1992 when it was separated from the District of Abbottabad and made into a district in its own right. The district is represented in the provincial assembly by four elected MPAs who represent the following constituencies:
PF-49 (Haripur-1) .......... PF-50 (Haripur-2) .......... PF-51 (Haripur-3) .......... PF-52 (Haripur-4)
National Constituency
NA - 19

Haripur District is divided into three tehsils which are subdivided into a total of 44 Union Councils of which 15 are urban Union Councils;

Haripur Tehsil is divided into 37 Union Councils
*Ali Khan .......... *Bagra ..........*Bakka ..........*Bandi Sher Khan .......... *Barkot .......... *Beer ..........*Bherrary .......... *Breela .......... *Darwesh .......... *Dheendah .......... *Dingi .......... *Haripur Central .......... *Haripur North ..........*Haripur South ..........*Hattar .......... *Jabri ..........*Jatti Pind .......... *Kachhi .......... *Kalinjar .......... *Khalabat ..........*Khanpur .......... *Kholian Bala .......... *Kot Najeebullah .......... *Landarmang .......... *Mankrai .......... *Maqsood .......... *Najifpur .......... *Pandak .......... *Panian .......... *Pind Hasham Khan .......... *Pind Kamal Khan .......... *Rehana .......... *Serai Niamat Khan .......... *Sarai Saleh .......... *Sikandarpur .......... *Sirya .......... *Tarbela .......... *Tofkian

Bandi Seeran .......... Bandi Muneem .......... siraj khan Tanoli

Ghazi Tehsil is divided into 7 Union Councils

* Baitgali.......... *Ghazi.......... *Kotehrra.......... *Kundi.......... *Nara Amaz.......... *Qazipur.......... *Sirikot.......... *Fort Road

* Khanpur (newly Announced)


Importance
The area is rich in natural resources and contains two important reservoirs: the Tarbela Dam and Khanpur dam. Geographically, it is a gateway between both Hazara and the North-West Frontier Province, and the capital Islamabad.

Boundaries of Haripur
The geographical significance of the district lies in the fact that its boundaries touch Mardan District, a centre of the ancient Gandhara civilization in the north west. Abbottabad District in the north east, Mansehra District in the north, Margallah hills of Islamabad in the south east, Swat valley in the north-west, Buner and Swabi districts in the west. Besides Swabi, Mansehra and Abbottabad districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, two districts of Punjab province i.e. Attock and Rawalpindi lie on the southwest and southeast respectively of Haripur district. The Federal Capital Islamabad is also adjacent to the district in the south.

Demography
Haripur's population was 692,228 at the 1998 Census, but was estimated to be 803,000 in 2005. Out of those only 12.0% of the population live in urban areas, while, the rest (88.0%) of the population lives in the rural areas.
The population is spread over 1,725 km², with population density of 401.3 persons per km²[8], this compares to the average population density of 233 persons per km², in the North West Frontier as whole. The average household size of the district is 6.6 persons per household compared to 8 at the provincial level. Agriculture is the livelihood of the rural population, the total arable area is 77,370 acres (313.1 km²).

Language
According to the 1998 District Census Report, Hindko is the predominant language in the district, representing >70% of the total population. Other languages spoken are Gojri,Potohari, Pashto and Pahaari.

Literacy rate
The overall literacy rate for Haripur district is 53.7%, substantially higher than the provincial literacy rate in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (35.2%). The female literacy rate is dismally low at 37.4% compared to male literacy of 63.6%. The urban: rural break down show that rural literacy is lower (51.4%) than urban literacy (69.7%).

Education
Haripur District has a Post Graduate College, that is funded by the Government, Providing education on Higher level. The city also has two Colleges for Girls which is also funded by the Government to provide Higher Education for Girls coming all around the City.
Haripur has 907 government primary schools, including 656 for boys and 251 for girls, in 2000–2001. In addition to government primary schools, 166 mosque schools were also functional in the district during this period.
The 907 government primary schools are there to cater a primary school age population (5–9 years) of 101,670, out of which 52,240 (51.38%) were boys and 49,430 (48.61%) were girls. The ratio of the primary schools with the primary school going age population indicates a limited access of the children to primary education. The district had 83 middle schools (56 for boys & 27 for girls), during 2001.
The mosque schools were introduced under the National Education Policy 1979 at the time of Fifth Five-Year Plan 1978–83. A mosque school is organized on the basis of 20–30 students, having normally one PTC teacher and Imam of the mosque as staff members, a shorter teaching programme (about four hours a day), same curriculum as of primary schools in addition to teaching of Quran-e-Nazira (recitation of the Quran). The students qualifying from such schools are eligible for admission in formal schools for higher education.
During 2000–2001, 166 mosque schools (15.47% of the total primary schools) were functioning in district, while in 1997–98, this number was 180.[citation needed] Details about the number of teachers and students, curricular activities and performance of these schools are not available. The school age population catered by the mosque schools is not available.
Govt Higher Secandry School Kakotri Hazara Public School & College Haripur


Industries
Haripur District is comparatively more industrialised than other districts in the NWF Province. There are many large factories units. Furthermore, many small and big industrial factories are made in the Hatar industrial state. Because of these industries this district is playing an important role at country level in the economic development.
Since Haripur has developed situation of medium and big industries, its role in the agricultural field is also admirable. This district especially provides fruits and vegetable not only to Peshawar but also to Islamabad and the Punjab. There is more likelihood of social and economical development due to the project of Ghazi Brotha and Motorway from Peshawer to Islamabad.
One of the well known places of the district Haripur is Khalabat Town named after a village now under Tarbela Dam lake. It is a well planned town with a population of around 35,000 and is located at the bank of Tarbela Lake and is home to those displaced by the Terbela Dam.
The great village in Haripur State is Kotnajeebullah with the most teachers in the country .It is known as the village of Teachers.High rate of education and with full of agricultural life and 3 kilometers from the Hattar Industrial Zone.

Hospitals near Haripur
Private Hospital‎ ,NH35, Haripur City, - 1.0 km SW
"Welcome to the Blue Cross Medical Centre The Blue Cross Medical Centre ..."‎
District Headquarter Hospital‎ ,Dheenda Road, - 2.1 km W
Civil Hospital‎-,Khalabat Township, - 4.1 km NW
T & T Colony Hospital‎- ,T & T Colony, - 3.7 km S
Basic Health Unit‎- , - 4.3 km E
Despensery‎-,Mirpur,‎ - 6.4 km S
Shah Maqsood Hospital‎- , - 9.1 km E
POF Hospital‎- , Havelian, - 17 km E
DHQ Hospital‎- , Havelian Road, Havelian,

Notable people from Haripur
* Ayub Khan, former President, Army Chief of Pakistan]
* Gohar Ayub Khan, Former Speaker of National Assambaly of Pakistan, Ex-forign Manister
* Pir Sabir Shah, Chief Minister, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
* Raja Sikandar Zaman, Acting Chief Minister, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
* Fazil Jamili, Poet and journalist
* Ejaz Ali Khan Durrani, Ex Minister
* Sardar Muhammad Mushtaq Khan, present MNA of Haripur & Ex-MPA and Provisional Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
* Gohar Ayub Khan, former speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan and Foreign Minister of Pakistan
* Faisal Zaman Ex MPA
* Raja Mohammad Riazur Rehman, Novelist, Short Story writer and lecturer of Urdu language and literature.
* Yousaf Ayub Khan, District Nazim Haripur, a former minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provential Assembly.
* Umer Ayub Khan, Ex Minister for Finance & EX M N A
* Abdul Majeed Khan, Ex Depty Commioner Hazara During British regime.
* Akhter Nawaz Khan(Late),Ex-Provincial Minister of Transport & Fisheries.
* Qateel Shifai, Urdu Poet

From Wikipedia